“Essentially, the staff can be fired while on sick leave, but not because
they are taking sick leave as it is their entitlement to do so,” she said.
Following the proper procedures
If a company decides to fire someone while away on sick leave, it is important that HR follow the conditions of the Employment Act (EA) or contract to the letter so as to prevent any disputes caused by the timing of the termination.
As well as adhering to the agreed to notice period, HR should enact the proper disciplinary procedure to show the Ministry of Manpower (MOM) that the termination had reasonable cause.
“This may protect the company from allegations of unfair or unlawful dismissal to MOM,” James-Civetta said.
In instances of gross staff misconduct, it is a legal requirement that an inquiry be carried out before an employee can be terminated, she added.
“Warning letters, notification of a disciplinary hearing, etc can also be issued to the staff while on sick or hospitalisation leave so they can prepare for the upcoming disciplinary hearing once they return to office.”
If an employee is fired while pregnant or on maternity leave and they can prove there was not enough cause for the termination, James-Civetta warned the firm could face financial penalties.
“The company would have to pay for the maternity benefits that the pregnant employee would have otherwise been eligible for if she had continued employment,” she said.
This regulation is only applicable for pregnant employees covered under the EA who have worked with a company for three months continuously.
A much softer approach
While companies are in their legal rights to fire someone who is away sick, James-Civetta noted it is often better to exercise compassion by only issuing the notice of termination once the employee returns to work.
“Doing so may also prevent any allegations that companies had fired the said staff wrongfully, for example because they were away on hospitalisation leave.”
The company’s actions here can also reflect on its culture and whether it wants to come across as fair and lenient or ruthless and uncaring.
“Terminating a staff while they are on sick or hospitalisation leave may come across as drastic and uncompassionate,” she said. “It may impress upon the company’s remaining staff that the company does not care about the welfare of the staff, which would affect the remaining staff’s morale.”
In some cases though, it may be acceptable to fire someone while they are away. James-Civetta pointed to an employee who was hired by her own law firm recently.
The individual involved commenced her three-month probationary period on 4 January. On 4 and 11 January, she took sick leave because she developed a food allergy.
Two weeks after this, the employee took urgent child care leave. When the firm reopened after a week’s break over Chinese New Year, the employee took a further two days off for child care leave. Finally, on 18 February, she took child care leave once more. The firm terminated her contract on the same day.
“The firm took the position that she was terminated not because of her being on childcare/sick leave, but rather that her act of being on recurring childcare/sick leave in the short span of two weeks affected her work performance greatly,” James-Civetta said.
Not only did her recurring absence hinder work progress and affect the performance of other staff but the firm felt the individual showed a poor and unsatisfactory work attitude which was contrary to the company’s culture, she added.
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While companies are in their legal rights to fire an employee who is away on sick leave, there are a number of important considerations to make before doing so, Gloria James-Civetta, managing partner of Gloria James-Civetta & Co, told